Stable Chronology of Granulopoiesis under R(G)-DHAP Immunochemotherapy-Induced Cytotoxic Stress in Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas

In memory of Academician A.I. Vorob’ev,
Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and Russian Academy of Sciences

KA Sychevskaya, SK Kravchenko, FE Babaeva, AE Misyurina, AM Kremenetskaya, AI Vorob’ev

National Research Center for Hematology, 4 Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167

For correspondence: Kseniya Andreevna Sychevskaya, 4 Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167; Tel.: +7(910)409-79-44; e-mail:

For citation: Sychevskaya KA, Kravchenko SK, Babaeva FE, et al. Stable Chronology of Granulopoiesis under R(G)-DHAP Immunochemotherapy-Induced Cytotoxic Stress in Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas. Clinical oncohematology. 2021;14(2):204–19. (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2021-14-2-204-219


Background. Chronology of granulopoiesis based on periodic hematopoiesis model has been thoroughly studied. However, the pattern of influence of chemotherapy- and immunotherapy-induced cytotoxic stress on the development rhythm of a stem cell requires further investigation. The interaction of antitumor drugs with normal hematopoietic cells is relevant for assessing the intensity of chemotherapy adverse events. Besides, there is a demand for studying hematopoiesis under cytotoxic stress to predict immunological reactivity as a condition for efficacy of immunotherapeutic agents, the effect of which is based on cell immunity.

Aim. To study the chronological pattern of leukocyte count dynamics after R(G)-DHAP immunochemotherapy in non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas.

Materials & Methods. The dynamics of leukocyte count changes after R(G)-DHAP immunochemotherapy was analyzed using the data of 39 treatment courses in 19 non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas patients. After 18 out of 39 cycles of treatment granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was administered to prevent granulocytopenia, in other cases the previously planned hematopoietic stem cell mobilization was performed according to the accepted protocol.

Results. Time to activation of spontaneous granulopoiesis depends neither on G-CSF stimulation, nor on the total dose of growth-stimulating factor and corresponds on average to Day 10 or Day 11 of the break from the last day of immunochemotherapy. The tendency of shorter agranulocytosis duration on prophylactic use of G-CSF is associated with transient hyperleukocytosis at an early stage after completing immunochemotherapy. Regimens with platinum-based drugs, like R(G)-DHAP, are suggested to be combined with immunochemotherapeutic agents in patients with the failure of first-line chemotherapy. The time interval preceding myelopoiesis activation within the first days of the break between the courses is likely to contribute to the initiation of treatment with immunotherapeutic drugs after second-line chemotherapy.

Conclusion. The determination of granulopoiesis dynamics under R(G)-DHAP immunochemotherapy-induced cytotoxic stress enables to plan the optimum G-CSF regimen and to predict the optimum timing of immune antitumor effect combined with chemotherapy.

Keywords: periodic hematopoiesis, mathematical hematopoiesis model, non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, G-CSF, antitumor immunity, R(G)-DHAP.

Received: November 15, 2020

Accepted: February 25, 2021

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