Malignant Lymphoproliferative Disorders with Anemia: Changes of Quality of Life in Patients Treated with Donor Red Blood Cell Transfusions and Recombinant Erythropoietin

S.S. Bessmeltsev1, N.A. Romanenko1, N.A. Potikhonova1, S.A. Tiranova1, M.N. Zenina1, A.E. Romanenko2, L.Yu. Zhiguleva1, K.M. Abdulkadyrov1

1 Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology under the Federal Medico-Biological Agency, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024

2 St. Olga Children Hospital, 2 Zemledelcheskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194156

For correspondence: Stanislav Semenovich Bessmel’tsev, DSci, Professor, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024; Tel.: +7(812)717-58-57; e-mail:

For citation: Bessmel’tsev SS, Romanenko NA, Potikhonova NA, et al. Malignant Lymphoproliferative Disorders with Anemia: Changes of Quality of Life in Patients Treated with Donor Red Blood Cell Transfusions and Recombinant Erythropoietin. Clinical oncohematology. 2015;8(4):368–378 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2015-8-4-368-378


Aim. To evaluate the quality of life of anemic patients with malignant lymphoproliferative disorders after red blood cells transfusion and administration of human recombinant erythropoietin agents.

Methods. The efficacy was assessed based on evaluation of clinical data, lab test findings and quality of life (QoL) parameters using the FACT-An questionnaire. Red blood cells transfusions (RBCsT) were prescribed to anemic patients with malignant lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) (n = 54) with initial Hb levels of 7.0 ± 0.16 g/dl. After red blood cells transfusion (Me = 3 Units) the Hb level increased up to 9.31 ± 0.12 g/dl. Human recombinant erythropoietin agents (EPO) were prescribed to LPD patients (n = 77) with initial Hb levels of 8.84 ± 0.14 g/dl.

Results. A positive response with a ³ 2.0 g/dl increase of Hb levels was observed in 52 (67.5 %) of 77 patients. The Hb level in responsive patients increased up to 12.31 ± 0.24 g/dl. Statistically significant QoL changes were observe according to «Physical well-being», «Emotional well-being», «Functional well-being», and «Anemia» scales. After EPO-therapy, significant changes were found according to «Physical well-being» and «Anemia» scales. A comparative analysis of QoL in both groups of patients demonstrated maximum changes according to the «Physical well-being» scale (from 12.9 ± 0.7 to 11.0 ± 0.8 points after RBCsT, < 0.001; from 11.6 ± 0.7 to 9.6 ± 0.7 points on EPO, < 0.02) and the «Anemia» scale (from 41.1 ± 2.0 to 34.2 ± 2.2 points after RBCsT, < 0.001; from 34.5 ± 1.7 to 30.1 ± 1.6 points on EPO; < 0.001).

Conclusion. Therefore, RBCsT and EPO therapy may significantly increase the Hb levels and improve QoL. However, the QoL of LPD patients on EPO proved to be better than that after RBCsT, because it had been possible to achieve normal and stable Hb levels.

Keywords: anemia, malignant lymphoproliferative disorders, erythropoietin, recombinant erythropoietin, donor’s red blood cells, red blood cell transfusions, quality of life, FACT-An questionnaire, «Anemia» scale.

Received: May 13, 2015

Accepted: October 12, 2015

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