NN Subbotina, AV Popa, IS Dolgopolov, VK Boyarshinov, RI Pimenov, VV Dailidite, GL Mentkevich
N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478
For correspondence: Natal’ya Nikolaevna Subbotina, PhD, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478; Tel.: +7(499)324-45-08; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For citation: Subbotina N.N., Popa A.V., Dolgopolov I.S., Boyarshinov V.K., Pimenov R.I., Dailidite V.V., Mentkevich G.L. Bone Marrow Transplantation in Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Extremely Poor Prognosis: Literature Review and Case Report. Klin. Onkogematol. 2015; 8(3): 331-6. (In Russ.)
The difference in the survival rate between patients receiving the chemotherapy alone and those receiving the chemotherapy with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) becomes more significant with the increased number of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) risk factors. Myeloablative conditioning regimens remain a gold standard before HSCT in children and young adults with ALL. The traditional TBI-CPM based conditioning regimen followed by HSCT from related HLA identical donor demonstrates the highest survival rates. The survival rate of patients with ALL relapses after allogeneic HSCT remains low. The second HSCT is the only possible therapeutic option that provides a longer survival rate for not more than 10–15 % of patients. Delayed relapses after the first HSCT and patient’s age less than 10 y.o. are statistically significant factors of a better prognosis. The article describes author’s own experience in the management of an ALL high-risk group patients who have undergone chemotherapy, 3 allogeneic related HSCT with involvement of several donors, as well as an additional transfusion of peripheral blood stem cells obtained from the second HLA matching donor. The patient remains under medical supervision in the N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center by the date of composition of this paper (23 months after a haploidentical HSCT).
Keywords: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, extremely poor prognosis, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, conditioning regimen.
Received: March 3, 2015
Accepted: June 3, 2015
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