Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma with Renal Impairment

MV Firsova, LP Mendeleeva, MV Solov’ev, DA Mironova, LA Kuzmina, VG Savchenko

National Research Center for Hematology, 4 Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167

For correspondence: Maiya Valerevna Firsova, MD, PhD, 4 Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167; e-mail:

For citation: Firsova MV, Mendeleeva LP, Solov’ev MV, et al. Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma with Renal Impairment. Clinical oncohematology. 2022;15(1):97–106. (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2022-15-1-97-106


Aim. To study the efficacy and adverse event spectrum of high-dose chemotherapy with subsequent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients with acute renal impairment, including hemodialysis (HD) dependence.

Materials & Methods. The retrospective single-center study enrolled 64 MM patients (30 men and 34 women) with renal impairment, aged 19–65 years (median 54 years), who received auto-HSCT in the period from 2013 to 2019. Newly diagnosed patients had a median creatinine of 462 µmol/L and a median glomerular filtration rate of 10 ml/min/1,73 m2 (CKD-EPI). HD dependence was reported in 23 (36 %) patients on diagnosis date. As a result of the induction therapy, in 13 (57 %) out of 23 patients HD could be discontinued. Prior to auto-HSCT, overall antitumor response was 91 % (complete remission was 45 %), overall renal response was 80 % (complete renal response was 28 %). In the course of auto-HSCT 10 patients remained HD dependent. Two groups were analyzed: “HD–” (program HD-independent patients during auto-HSCT, n = 54) and “HD+” (program HD-dependent recipients of auto-HSCT, n = 10).

Results. Herpes virus infection reactivation and reversible toxic encephalopathy were observed significantly more often in “HD+” than in “HD–” group (30 % vs. 6 %, = 0.04 and 20 % vs. 0 %, = 0.02, respectively). HD-dependent patients required red blood cell transfusion significantly more often than HD-independent patients (100 % vs. 35 % of cases; = 0.0001). In 100 days after auto-HSCT, overall antitumor response increased from 91 % to 96 %, the rate of complete remission increased from 45 % to 64 %. After auto-HSCT the rate of complete renal response increased from 28 % to 34 %, however, overall renal response remained within the range of 80 %. After auto-HSCT, in a single case HD was discontinued. As a result of the treatment, 14 (61 %) patients became HD-independent. Transplantation-associated mortality was not reported. During median follow-up of 48 months, 5-year overall survival was 70 % and 5-year disease-free survival was 42 %.

Conclusion. Auto-HSCT is a feasible, safe, and effective treatment of MM patients with acute renal impairment. Induction therapy with subsequent auto-HSCT resulted in less need for HD which was 36 % at MM onset and 14 % on completing the treatment.

Keywords: multiple myeloma, auto-HSCT, hemodialysis, acute renal impairment, cast nephropathy.

Received: July 8, 2021

Accepted: November 28, 2021

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