A Case Report of Myeloid Sarcoma in a Child

TT Valiev1, AM Kovrigina2, TR Panferova1, TL Ushakova1, IN Serebryakova3, NN Tupitsyn3, LYu Grivtsova3, II Matveeva3, EV Mikhailova1, AV Popa1, GL Menkevich1

1 Institute of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, NN Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478

2 Hematology Research Center under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 4а Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167

3 Institute of Clinical Oncology, NN Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478

For correspondence: Timur Teimurazovich Valiev, DSci, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478; Tel: +7(499)324-42-87; е-mail: timurvaliev@mail.ru

For citation: Valiev TT, Kovrigina AM, Panferova TR, et al. A Case Report of Myeloid Sarcoma in a Child. Clinical oncohematology. 2017;10(2):218–26 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2017-10-2-218-226


The diagnosis of myeloid tumors is based on a complex approach and causes significant difficulties especially in young children. Morphologic, immunologic, cytogenetic, molecular and biologic data on myeloid sarcoma are presented based on the literature data and own clinical case. Treatment results of myeloid sarcoma (especially in the high risk group) are unsatisfactory and should be improved.

Keywords: myeloid sarcoma, diagnosis, children.

Received: November 14, 2016

Accepted: February 9, 2017

Read in PDF (RUS)pdficon


  1. Кассирский И.А., Алексеев Г.А. Клиническая гематология, 4-е изд. М.: Медицина, 1970. 799 с.
    [Kassirskii IA, Alekseev GA. Klinicheskaya gematologiya. (Clinical hematology.) 4th edition. Moscow: Meditsina Publ.; 1970. 799 p. (In Russ)]
  2. Махонова Л.А., Дроздова Т.С., Протасова А.К. и др. Миелобластная саркома у детей. Гематология и трансфузиология. 1988;33(8): 34–7.
    [Makhonova LA, Drozdova TS, Protasova AK, et al. Myeloblastic sarcoma in children. Gematologiya i transfuziologiya. 1988;33(8):34–7. (In Russ)]
  3. Fonseca A, Scheinemann K, Jansen J, et al. Testicular myeloid sarcoma. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2014;36(3):e155–7. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0000000000000097.
  4. Byrd JC, Weiss RB, Arthur DC, et al. Extramedullary leukemia adversely affects hematologic complete remission rate and overall survival in patients with t(8;21) (q22;q22): results from Cancer and Leukemia Group B 8461. J Clin Oncol. 1997;15(2):466–75. doi: 10.1200/jco.1997.15.2.466.
  5. Bain EE, Rothman I, Lin L. De novo myeloid sarcoma in a 4-month-old infant: a case report and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol. 2013;40(3):321–5. doi: 10.1111/cup.12027.
  6. Delhi Kumar CG, Thilagavathy V, Arun Babu T. Granulocytic sarcoma of bladder in an 18-mo-old child with acute myeloid leukemia. Indian J Pediatr. 2014;81(10):1118–9. doi: 10.1007/s12098-014-1371-1.
  7. Vennepureddy A, Valecha G, Murukutla S, et al. Bronchial myeloid sarcoma with concurrent Aspergillus fumigatus infection in a patient presenting with hemoptysis. Expert Rev Hematol. 2015;8(4):433–7. doi: 10.1586/17474086.2015.1044747.
  8. Chen YI, Paci P, Michel RP, et al. Myeloid sarcoma of the duodenum: a rare cause of bowel obstruction and gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy. 2015;47(Suppl 1):E181–2. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1391502.
  9. Nalwa A, Nath D, Suri V, et al. Myeloid sarcoma of the breast in an aleukemic patient: a rare entity in an uncommon location. Malays J Pathol. 2015;37(1):63–6.
  10. Aboutalebi A, Korman JB, Sohani AR, et al. Aleukemic cutaneous myeloid sarcoma. J Cutan Pathol. 2013;40(12):996–1005. doi: 10.1111/cup.12231.
  11. Kobayashi R, Yamato K. Tanaka F, et al. Retrospective analysis of non-anaplastic peripheral T-cell lymphoma in pediatric patients in Japan. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2010;54(2):212–5. doi: 10.1002/pbc.22329.
  12. Momota H, Kato S, Fujii M, et al. Primary peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, of the central nervous system in a child. Brain Tumor Pathol. 2015;32(4):281–5. doi: 10.1007/s10014-015-0229-1.
  13. Al Mahmoud R, Weitzman S, Schechter T, et al. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma in children and adolescents: a single-institution experience. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2012;34(8):611–6. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e3182707592.