Промежуточные результаты проспективного наблюдательного исследования: 2-летний опыт применения ибрутиниба при рецидивах и рефрактерном течении мантийноклеточной лимфомы в реальной клинической практике

В.И. Воробьев, В.А. Жеребцова, Е.И. Дубровин, Л.А. Быченкова, Ю.Б. Кочкарева, Л.А. Муха, В.Л. Иванова, Н.К. Хуажева, В.В. Птушкин

ГБУЗ «Городская клиническая больница им. С.П. Боткина ДЗМ», 2-й Боткинский пр-д, д. 5, Москва, Российская Федерация, 125284

Для переписки: Владимир Иванович Воробьев, канд. мед. наук, 2-й Боткинский пр-д, д. 5, Москва, Российская Федерация, 125284; e-mail: morela@mail.ru

Для цитирования: Воробьев В.И., Жеребцова В.А., Дубровин Е.И. и др. Промежуточные результаты проспективного наблюдательного исследования: 2-летний опыт применения ибрутиниба при рецидивах и рефрактерном течении мантийноклеточной лимфомы в реальной клинической практике. Клиническая онкогематология 2019;12(2):165–72.

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-2-165-172


РЕФЕРАТ

Цель. Оценить эффективность и токсичность монотерапии ибрутинибом у больных с рецидивами и рефрактерным течением лимфомы из клеток мантийной зоны (ЛКМЗ).

Материалы и методы. Ибрутиниб у данной категории пациентов применяется с апреля 2016 г. Критериями для назначения препарата служили возраст старше 18 лет и наличие подтвержденного диагноза ЛКМЗ с выявлением ядерной гиперэкспрессии циклина D1 или наличием транслокации t(11;14)(q13;q32). Тяжелый соматический статус, панцитопения, инфекционные осложнения (за исключением угрожающих жизни), бластоидный вариант, число линий предшествующей терапии не считались противопоказаниями для назначения ибрутиниба. Препарат использовался в дозе 560 мг внутрь 1 раз в сутки до прогрессирования или достижения неприемлемой токсичности.

Результаты. С 20 апреля 2016 г. по 6 апреля 2018 г. терапия ибрутинибом начата у 42 пациентов с рецидивами и рефрактерным течением ЛКМЗ. Медиана возраста составила 69 лет (диапазон 40–81 год); мужчины — 64 %; ECOG > 2 баллов — 14 %; бластоидный вариант — 38 %; медиана числа предшествующих линий терапии — 2 (диапазон 1–11). Частота общего ответа составила 85 % (полная ремиссия 35 %); 57 % (24/42) пациентов продолжают лечение ибрутинибом с длительностью приема 4–667 дней. Медиана бессобытийной выживаемости (БСВ) составила 365 дней (95%-й доверительный интервал 31–698 дней). Медиана общей выживаемости не достигнута. При бластоидном варианте медиана БСВ составила 92 дня, в альтернативной группе медиана не была достигнута и БСВ составила 76 % на 12 мес. (< 0,001). Переносимость ибрутиниба в большинстве случаев была удовлетворительной. Самыми распространенными осложнениями были миалгия и мышечные судороги (57 % наблюдений), диарея (46 %, III степени в 5 % случаев), геморрагические осложнения (63 %, все I–II степени тяжести), нарушения сердечного ритма (7 %). Инфекционные осложнения отмечены у 31 % больных. В 1 случае начало терапии ибрутинибом осложнилось нейтропенией IV степени. Относительная интенсивность дозы составила более 98 % (диапазон 91,6–100 %). Коррекция терапии ибрутинибом (уменьшение дозы или перерыв в приеме) из-за токсичности или планируемых оперативных вмешательств имела место у 10 (24 %) пациентов. Никому из принимавших ибрутиниб не потребовалось полностью прекратить лечение из-за осложнений.

Заключение. Полученные данные по применению ибрутиниба в реальной клинической практике сопоставимы с результатами международных многоцентровых исследований (PCYC-1104, SPARK и RAY). Благоприятный профиль токсичности и довольно высокая скорость противоопухолевого ответа позволяют назначать данный препарат при тяжелом соматическом статусе, низком уровне форменных элементов крови и даже при наличии инфекционных осложнений. В то же время ряд побочных эффектов, часть из которых проявляется только через 6 мес. терапии, делает необходимым постоянный врачебный мониторинг за пациентами, особенно при подготовке к любым оперативным вмешательствам.

Ключевые слова: лимфома из клеток мантийной зоны, ибрутиниб, рецидив, рефрактерное течение, таргетная терапия.

Получено: 4 ноября 2018 г.

Принято в печать: 11 февраля 2019 г.

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Множественная миелома (лечение рецидивов и рефрактерных форм): обзор литературы и собственные данные. Часть III

С.С. Бессмельцев

ФГБУ «Российский научно-исследовательский институт гематологии и трансфузиологии Федерального медико-биологического агентства», Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация


РЕФЕРАТ

Использование новых подходов в лечении рецидивов/рефрактерных форм множественной миеломы (ММ) привело к существенному увеличению общей выживаемости больных, достижению качественного ответа и более длительной ремиссии по сравнению с пациентами, получавшими стандартную химиотерапию. Эти изменения связаны главным образом с применением новых препаратов: бортезомиба, талидомида, леналидомида, каждый из которых обладает выраженной противомиеломной активностью. Бортезомиб, талидомид и леналидомид используются в комбинации как с химиотерапевтическими препаратами, так и друг с другом, что существенно повышает эффективность лечения больных ММ. Однако, если больные не отвечают на бортезомиб и иммуномодуляторы, прогноз ухудшается. В настоящее время число препаратов, которые используются при ММ, достаточно большое, причем спектр их все более расширяется. Тем не менее результаты лечения больных с рецидивами/рефрактерными формами ММ не вполне удовлетворительные, что свидетельствует о трудностях разработки эффективных лекарственных средств. Появилось большое количество препаратов второго и третьего поколений, которые становятся все более доступными для клинического применения. Проводятся клинические исследования I, II и III фаз по оценке эффективности карфилзомиба, помалидомида, вориностата, панобиностата, ромидепсина, перифосина, танеспимицина, бендамустина и элотузумаба при рецидивах/рефрактерных формах ММ. В обзоре представлены современные подходы к ведению пациентов с рецидивами и рефрактерным течением ММ, основанные на результатах клинических исследований и собственных данных, целью которых было оптимизировать результаты лечения. Представлена эффективность различных классов новых лекарственных средств, обсуждены все «за» и «против», полученные в доклинических и клинических исследованиях. Подробно освещены побочные эффекты новых препаратов.


Ключевые слова: множественная миелома, рецидив, рефрактерное течение, бортезомиб, талидомид, леналидомид, карфилзомиб, помалидомид, лечение, полная ремиссия, общая выживаемость, нейропатия.

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