Опыт применения режима кондиционирования Thio/Mel перед трансплантацией аутологичных гемопоэтических стволовых клеток при множественной миеломе

С.В. Грицаев1, И.И. Кострома1, А.А. Жернякова1, И.М. Запреева1, Е.В. Карягина2, Ж.В. Чубукина1, С.А. Тиранова1, И.С. Мартынкевич1, С.С. Бессмельцев1, А.В. Чечеткин1

1 ФГБУ «Российский НИИ гематологии и трансфузиологии ФМБА», ул. 2-я Советская, д. 16, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация, 191024

2 ГБУ «Городская больница № 15», ул. Авангардная, д. 4, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация, 198205

Для переписки: Иван Иванович Кострома, канд. мед. наук, ул. 2-я Советская, д. 16, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация, 191024; тел.: +7(921)784-82-82; e-mail: obex@rambler.ru

Для цитирования: Грицаев С.В., Кострома И.И., Жернякова А.А. и др. Опыт применения режима кондиционирования Thio/Mel перед трансплантацией аутологичных гемопоэтических стволовых клеток при множественной миеломе. Клиническая онкогематология. 2019;12(3):282–8.

doi: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-3-282-288


РЕФЕРАТ

Актуальность. В связи с продолжающимся поиском комбинированных режимов кондиционирования как способа усиления циторедуктивного воздействия до выполнения одиночной трансплантации аутологичных гемопоэтических стволовых клеток (аутоТГСК) больным множественной миеломой (ММ) привлекательной опцией является добавление тиотепы к мелфалану.

Цель. Анализ данных пилотного исследования по изучению эффективности режима кондиционирования, включающего введение двух алкилирующих препаратов (тиотепа и мелфалан) с последующей аутоТГСК.

Материалы и методы. 9 больным выполнено 10 аутоТГСК с режимом кондиционирования, включавшим введение тиотепы 250 мг/м2 в день –5 и мелфалана 140 мг/м2 в день –2. После проведения аутоТГСК 8 пациентам назначали пегилированный филграстим. Сроки приживления трансплантата рассчитывали по абсолютному числу нейтрофилов ≥ 0,5 × 109/л и уровню тромбоцитов ≥ 20 × 109/л. Токсичность режима оценивали по критериям CTCAE v5.0. Показатели выживаемости рассчитывали с помощью кривых Каплана—Мейера.

Результаты. Введение тиотепы не потребовало назначения дополнительных препаратов. Частота развития мукозита и энтеропатии I–II степени тяжести составила 100 и 70 % соответственно. Повышение температуры тела зафиксировано при проведении 7 аутоТГСК. Пневмония развилась у 1 больной. Инфузия 1–3 доз тромбоконцентрата (медиана 2 дозы) потребовалась всем, за исключением одного, больным. Донорские эритроциты были перелиты 3 больным. Приживление трансплантата констатировано у всех больных в срок 10–14 дней. Медиана длительности госпитализации от дня 0 до выписки составила 16 койко-дней. После аутоТГСК у 6 из 9 больных констатировано улучшение качества ответа. Прогрессирование ММ имело место у больного с комплексным кариотипом. При последующем наблюдении прогрессирование зафиксировано у 2 пациентов. На декабрь 2018 г. медиана наблюдения за 9 больными от даты проведения аутоТГСК составила 9 мес. (диапазон 3–20 мес.), медиана выживаемости без прогрессирования — 17 мес., медиана общей выживаемости не достигнута.

Заключение. Приемлемая токсичность, улучшение качества ответа и его сохранение до 20 мес. дают основание рассматривать комбинированный режим кондиционирования Thio/Mel как возможную альтернативу стандартному режиму Mel200.

Ключевые слова: множественная миелома, трансплантация аутологичных гемопоэтических стволовых клеток, режим кондиционирования, тиотепа, мелфалан.

Получено: 26 декабря 2018 г.

Принято в печать: 25 мая 2019 г.

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Современные методы лечения AL амилоидоза: обзор литературы и собственные данные

А.Г. Смирнова1, С.Н. Бондаренко1, А.А. Кисина2, А.В. Смирнов2, А. Цандер3, Б.В. Афанасьев1

1 Институт детской гематологии, онкологии и трансплантологии им. Р.М. Горбачевой СПбГМУ им. акад. И.П. Павлова, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация

2 Научно-исследовательский институт нефрологии СПбГМУ им. акад. И.П. Павлова, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация

3 Центр трансплантации костного мозга Медицинского университета Гамбург-Эппендорф, Гамбург, Германия


РЕФЕРАТ

AL амилоидоз — достаточно редкое заболевание из группы плазмоклеточных дискразий, имеющее крайне неоднородную клиническую картину и плохой прогноз. В статье представлено краткое описание данной патологии, проведен обзор современных методов лечения, представлены собственные результаты терапии. В исследование включено 46 больных с диагнозом AL амилоидоза, которые получали лечение как с использованием аутологичной трансплантации гемопоэтических стволовых клеток, так и стандартной химиотерапии, включающей комбинацию мелфалана с дексаметазоном и бортезомиба с дексаметазоном.


Ключевые слова: AL амилоидоз, лечение, трансплантация гемопоэтических стволовых клеток, мелфалан, бортезомиб.

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