Хронический лимфолейкоз: прогностическое значение минимальной остаточной болезни, возможности современных методов ее выявления и коррекции (обзор литературы)

А.Ю. Кувшинов, С.В. Волошин, И.С. Мартынкевич, Е.В. Клеина, М.А. Михалева, К.М. Абдулкадыров

ФГБУ «Российский научно-исследовательский институт гематологии и трансфузиологии Федерального медико-биологического агентства», ул. 2-я Советская, д. 16, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация, 191024

Для переписки: Сергей Владимирович Волошин, канд. мед. наук, ул. 2-я Советская, д. 16, Санкт-Петербург, Российская Федерация, 191024; тел: +7(812)274-37-70; e-mail: kuvshinovmd@gmail.com

Для цитирования: Кувшинов А.Ю., Волошин С.В., Мартынкевич И.С. и др. Хронический лимфолейкоз: прогностическое значение минимальной остаточной болезни, возможности современных методов ее выявления и коррекции (обзор литературы). Клиническая онкогематология. 2016;9(2):191–8.

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2016-9-2-191-198


РЕФЕРАТ

Достижение полной ремиссии (ПР) у больных хроническим лимфолейкозом (ХЛЛ) стало осуществимой целью лечения, которая напрямую коррелирует с длительной выживаемостью. Однако даже при достижении ПР в организме пациента может оставаться определенное количество опухолевых клеток, характеризующее понятие минимальной остаточной болезни (МОБ). В последнее время появилось много данных, доказывающих необходимость выявления и мониторинга МОБ, т. к. она оказывает существенное влияние на прогноз ХЛЛ. Достижение МОБ-отрицательной ремиссии является независимым прогностическим фактором длительной выживаемости без прогрессирования и общей выживаемости. Появление новых диагностических методов позволило дать определение МОБ и разработать стандарты ее оценки. В настоящем обзоре представлен анализ литературных данных по изучению МОБ, методам ее оценки, прогностической значимости, а также способам эрадикации.


Ключевые слова: хронический лимфолейкоз, минимальная остаточная болезнь, проточная цитометрия.

Получено: 5 января 2016 г.

Принято в печать: 10 января 2016 г.

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