Management of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients During Pregnancy (Analysis of Literature and Practical Recommendations)

EYu Chelysheva1, AG Turkina1, ES Polushkina2, MA Vinogradova2, RG Shmakov2

1 National Medical Hematology Research Center, 4a Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167

2 VI Kulakov National Medical Research Center of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology, 4 Akademika Oparina str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117997

For correspondence: Ekaterina Yur’evna Chelysheva, MD, PhD, 4a Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167; Tel.: +7(495)612-48-60; e-mail: denve@bk.ru

For citation: Chelysheva EYu, Turkina AG, Polushkina ES, et al. Management of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients During Pregnancy (Analysis of Literature and Clinical Experience). Clinical oncohematology. 2019;12(2):202–10.

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-2-202-210


ABSTRACT

Background. The tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) era is marked by a long-term favorable prognosis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In this context CML patients of reproductive age are faced with major issues of family planning with due regard to the risk of TKI treatment interruption during pregnancy. Additionally, TKI impact is another potential risk to the fetus.

Aim. To develop differentiated approach to CML treatment during pregnancy.

Materials & Methods. Analysis includes literature data and clinical experience based on 166 pregnancies of 120 CML patients from CML Pregnancy Registry.

Results. Pregnancy planning is recommended after achieving stable and deep molecular response (with BCR-ABL > 0.01 %, IS) within the period of at least 2 years. At conception TKI therapy does not have to be interrupted. However, early pregnancy detection and TKI treatment interruption after pregnancy confirmation are of vital importance due to teratogenic risks. Furthermore, no TKI may be administered during organogenetic period, i.e. up to the 15th week of gestation. In the absence or loss of complete hematologic response and growth of BCR-ABL > 1 % after the 15th week of gestation imatinib or nilotinib administration is justified in the interest of pregnant patients taking into account limited transfer of these drugs through placenta. In the absence of complete hematologic response before the 15th week of gestation interferon-α can be administered. With BCR-ABL < 1 % patients can be either followed-up without therapy or they can receive interferon-α throughout pregnancy. Dasatinib, bosutinib, and other TKI are contraindicated at any stage of pregnancy. There are no special recommendations for childbirth, delivery is to be adapted to obstetric conditions. Breast feeding is not recommended because of the lack of practical evidence for its safety.

Conclusion. A regular molecular monitoring of BCR-ABL and hematologic status is indispensable, health condition of fetus should be continuously monitored as well. CML patient management should be conducted by cooperating hematologists and gynecologists.

Keywords: chronic myeloid leukemia, pregnancy, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib.

Received: January 9, 2019

Accepted: March 20, 2019

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Dasatinib in First- and Second-Line Therapy of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Efficacy, Safety and Quality of Life

TI Ionova1,2, NB Bulieva3, OYu Vinogradova4,5,6, TA Gritsenko7, LK Kozlova8, GB Kuchma8, EG Lomaia9, ER Machyulaitene10, TP Nikitina1,2, NV Novitskaya4, AYu Rodionova2, EI Usacheva11, TV Shneider12

1 Saint Petersburg Multifield Medical Center under the Ministry of Health of Russia, 154 Nabereznaya Reki Fontanki, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 198103

2 Multinational Center for Quality of Life Research, 1 Artilleriiskaya str., office 152, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191014

3 I Kant Baltic Federal University, 14 A Nevskogo str., Kaliningrad, Russian Federation, 236041

4 SP Botkin Municipal Clinical Hospital, 5 2-i Botkinskii pr-zd, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125284

5 Dmitrii Rogachev Federal Scientific Clinical Centre of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 1 Samory Mashela str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

6 NI Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 1 Ostrovityanova str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 117997

7 Samara State Medical University under the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 89 Chapaevskaya str., Samara, Russian Federation, 443099

8 Orenburg State Medical University, 6 Sovetskaya str., Orenburg, Russian Federation, 460000

9 Federal Almazov North-West Medical Research Centre, 2 Akkuratova str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197341

10 Outpatient Department, Academician IP Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

11 RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology and Transplantation; Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

12 Leningrad District Clinical Hospital, 43/49 Lunacharskogo pr-t, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194291

For correspondence: Tat’yana Ivanovna Ionova, DSci, 1 office 152 Artilleriiskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191014; Tel: +7(812)579-61-38; e-mail: qlife@rambler.ru

For citation: Ionova TI, Bulieva NB, Vinogradova OYu, et al. Dasatinib in First- and Second-Line Therapy of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Efficacy, Safety and Quality of Life. Clinical oncohematology. 2017;10(2):206–17 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2017-10-2-206-217


ABSTRACT

Background & Aims. The article presents results of two observational, prospective, multicenter studies “Quality of Life, Symptom Profile, and Adherence to Treatment in Adult Patients with Newly Diagnosed Chronic Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Receiving Dasatinib” (2012–2015) and “Quality of Life and Symptom Profile in Imatinib-Resistant or Intolerant Patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia” (2011–2014).

Methods. Data of 107 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase were involved in the real-world analysis — 32 newly diagnosed patients on first-line treatment with dasatinib or after yearly switch to dasatinib after imatinib treatment failure and 75 imatinib-resistant or intolerant patients on second-line treatment with dasatinib. Treatment effectiveness and safety of dasatinib were assessed during first and second-line dasatinib treatment using clinical outcomes as well as quality of life and symptom profile assessment.

Results. The real-world data obtained during observational study in limited population of CML patients conform the results of clinical trials devoted to evaluation of treatment efficacy and safety of dasatinib treatment in first and second-line treatment and demonstrate the importance of patient-reported outcomes. Patient’s quality of life improved within 12 months of the first-line dasatinib therapy according to the following scales: role physical functioning, pain, vitality, social functioning and role emotional functioning. The most pronounced and clinically significant improvement was observed for the role emotional functioning (51.1 vs. 68.9). During the second-line dasatinib treatment, stabilization of quality of life parameters was registered for the following scales: vitality, social functioning, mental health, and pain. Significant improvement of the Integral Quality of Life Index was observed (p < 0.05). Positive dynamics of relevant symptoms was registered. The symptom severity decreased during both the first and second-line therapy.

Conclusion. Quality of life and symptom assessment in CML patients contribute to a better disease control in accordance with the principles of risk-adaptive therapy.

Keywords: quality of life, chronic myeloid leukemia, dasatinib, therapy effectiveness, therapy safety, routine clinical practice.

Received: November 10, 2016

Accepted: February 10, 2017

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Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Long-Term Experience of Target Therapy

KM Abdulkadyrov, VA Shuvaev, IS Martynkevich, MS Fominykh, NA Potikhonova, II Zotova, VYu Udal’eva, RA Golovchenko, NV Shakhvorostova, DI Shikhbabaeva, MN Zenina, SA Tiranova, SA Kudryashova, LS Martynenko, MP Ivanova, NYu Tsybakova, EV Petrova, LB Polushkina, EV Kleina

Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024

For correspondence: Vasilii Anatol’evich Shuvaev, PhD, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024; Tel.: +7(921)636-54-72; e-mail: shuvaev77@mail.ru

For citation: Abdulkadyrov KM, Shuvaev VA, Martynkevich IS, et al. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Long-Term Experience of Target Therapy. Clinical oncohematology. 2016;9(1):54–60 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2016-9-1-54-60


ABSTRACT

Background & Aims. Interpretation of key aspects of pathogenesis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and development and introduction of target therapy have changed the prognosis of this once fatal disease dramatically. Results of numerous clinical trials demonstrated substantial superiority of tyrosine kinase inhibitors over previous therapy techniques. At the same time, clinical trials had limitations in patient enrollment, as well as treatment conditions and duration. The analysis of our clinical experience in CML target therapy (over the period from 2003 till 2015) is an important argument for introduction of novel drugs into routine clinical practice. The aim of the study is to analyze our own experience in CML target therapy and to compare our results with clinical trials data.

Methods. Outpatient’s cards and case histories of CML patients treated in the Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology over last 12 years were analyzed in this work. Published results of multi-center clinical trials evaluating the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in CML were used for a comparative analysis. The primary morbidity rate and the prevalence of CML, results of first and subsequent treatment lines were studied with assessment of survival rates, adverse events, and the nature of the response (hematologic, cytogenetic and molecular).

Results. The experience in treatment of 208 CML patients was analyzed. The use of imatinib led to clinical and hematological remission (complete hematologic response) was achieved in 95 % of patients. The frequency of complete cytogenetic responses (CCyR) was 69 %, and that of major molecular responses (MMR) was 58 %. The overall 5-year survival (OS) was 86.4 %, the 10-years OS was 67.5 %. The use of nilotinib during the second line permitted to achieve CCyR in 61 % of patients, and the MMR in 55 % of cases. The two-year OS was 96 % and the 5-year OS was 68 %. CCyR and MMR were achieved in 50 % patients treated with dasatinib during the second line. As for the third line, CCyR was achieved in 50 % of patients and MMR in 25 %. In case of previous imatinib and nilotinib resistance, CCyR was observed only in 36 % of patients and MMR in 18 % of cases. During second-line dasatinib treatment, the 2-year OS was 85 %, and the 5-year OS was 51 %; as for the third line, the results were 75 % and 50 %, respectively. The range and rates of adverse events of the therapy, in general, corresponded to results of clinical trials.

Conclusion. The use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in treatment of CML permits to prolong patient’s life span and quality of life significantly. The use of nilotinib and dazatinib (in case of nilotinib intolerance and/or resistance) could be effective in most patients.


Keywords: chronic myeloid leukemia, target therapy, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, clinical practice.

Received: September 10, 2015

Accepted: October 20, 2015

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First Line Treatment Choice for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia: Modeling of Clinical and Economic Factors

VA Shuvaev, KM Abdulkadyrov, IS Martynkevich, MS Fominykh

Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024

For correspondence: Vasilii Anatol’evich Shuvaev, PhD, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024; Tel.: +7(921)636-54-72; e-mail: shuvaev77@mail.ru

For citation: Shuvaev VA, Abdulkadyrov KM, Martynkevich IS, Fominykh MS. First Line Treatment Choice for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia: Modeling of Clinical and Economic Factors.. Clinical oncohematology. 2015;8(1):78–83 (In Russ).


ABSTRACT

Background. Second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (nilotinib and dasatinib) have advantages over imatinib in frequency and rate of cytogenetic and molecular responses obtaining in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) treatment. At the same time, they produced more severe adverse effects and are more expensive than imatinib. At present, CML patients with stable deep molecular response are considered as candidates for enrollment into clinical trials studying the management of treatment-free remission. Constant growth of expenses for CML diagnosing and treatment require a pharmacoeconomic analysis in order to optimize expenses and provide cost-effectiveness data for introduction of novel highly effective drugs.

Objective. Pharmacoeconomic modeling of the choice of CML treatment using first and second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors in first-line therapy with an analysis of sensitivity of clinico-economic factors.

Methods. Pharmacoeconomic modeling of CML diagnosing and treatment. Cost-utility analysis of first and second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors in first-line treatment. Sensitivity analysis with identification of most important clinical and economic factors affecting treatment results. Simulation for feasibility analysis of the nationwide use of first and second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors in first-line therapy.

Results. Sensitivity analyses of pharmacoeconomic models showed its robustness. The threshold limits for drug costs and frequency of achievement of a complete molecular response affecting economic feasibility of the choice of first and second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors were determined.

Conclusions. These pharmacoeconomic models may be applied for improvement of diagnostic and therapeutic standards.


Keywords: chronic myeloleukemia, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, pharmacoeconomics, cost-effectiveness.

Received: September 11, 2014

Accepted: November 7, 2014

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Role of tyrosine-kinase inhibitor selectivity in development of adverse effects during treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia

A.A. Zeifman1,2, E.Yu. Chelysheva3, A.G. Tukrina3, and G.G. Chilov1,2

1 N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation

2 Fusion Pharma LLC, Moscow, Russian Federation

3 Hematology Research Center, RF MH, Moscow, Russian Federation


ABSTRACT

This review focuses on association between the selectivity of Bcr-Abl kinase inhibitors and the spectrum of their adverse effects during treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. The data on the structure and natural biochemical functions of the well-known adverse targets for inhibitors of Bcr-Abl kinases, including BRAF, FMS, EGFR, PDGFR, PYK2, TIE2, and VEGFR1/2/3 are summarized, and the potential association between their off-target inhibition and adverse effects of tyrosine-kinase inhibitors is suggested.


Keywords: chronic myeloid leukemia, tyrosine-kinase inhibitors, selectivity, imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, ponatinib, PF-114, BRAF, FMS, EGFR, PDGFR, PYK2, TIE2, VEGFR1/2/3.

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Quality of life and symptom profile in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia receiving dasatinib as а second-line therapy due to intolerance or resistance to imatinib

Ionova1,2, D. Fedorenko1,2, T. Nikitina1, and K. Kurbatova1

1 N.I. Pirogov National Medico-surgical Center, Moscow, Russian Federation

2 International Center for Quality of Life Studies, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation


ABSTRACT

The article is focused on preliminary results of the observational study “Quality of life and symptom profile in imatinib-resistant or intolerant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia during disease-modifying treatment” (2011–2012). 56 imatinib-resistant or intolerant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase were included in the preliminary analysis. It was shown that prior to treatment with dasatinib more than one third of patients had severe or critical quality of life deterioration. Patients treated with standard doses of imatinib during the first-line treatment reported better quality of life than patients treated with high doses of imatinib. After 12 months of treatment with dasatinib, the majority of patients showed complete or partial cytogenetic response (62 %); most of the patients with complete cytogenetic response were treated with standard doses of imatinib during the first-line treatment (19 % vs 8 %). During treatment with dasatinib, stabilization of quality of life parameters was recorded with a slight trend towards improved vitality, mental health, and pain scales. In the majority of patients (68 %), the treatment response as improved or stabilized quality of life was observed. During treatment with dasatinib, severity of the most frequent disease- or treatment-specific symptoms decreased. In this observational study, it was shown that dasatinib therapy in the real-world practice is effective both in terms of clinical parameters and patient-reported outcomes, and characterized by good tolerability.


Keywords: quality of life, symptom profile, chronic myeloid leukemia, dasatinib.

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