Risk Factors for Rehospitalizations after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

MYu Drokov, AA Dmitrova, LA Kuzmina, VA Vasil’eva, ED Mikhaltsova, OM Koroleva, EV Usikova, EN Parovichnikova, VG Savchenko

National Research Center for Hematology, 4 Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167

For correspondence: Mikhail Yur’evich Drokov, MD, PhD, 4 Novyi Zykovskii pr-d, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125167; Tel.: +7(495)614-90-42; e-mail: mdrokov@gmail.com

For citation: Drokov MYu, Dmitrova AA, Kuzmina LA, et al. Risk Factors for Rehospitalization after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Clinical oncohematology. 2020;13(1):89–94 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2020-13-1-89-94


ABSTRACT

Aim. To assess the rehospitalization data of patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), to determine possible risk factors for rehospitalization, and to work out a strategy of post-transplantation follow-up for this category of patients.

Materials & Methods. From 2009 to 2019 at the National Research Center for Hematology 418 patients received allo-HSCT. The final analysis included 374 patients who were discharged from hospital after allo-HSCT. The reasons for rehospitalizations of patients with allo-HSCT within 30 days after their hospital discharge were subjected to analysis. Independent risk factors for rehospitalizations were identified by the Cox model. Risk density was visually estimated within 365 days after hospital discharge with the purpose of working out the optimal strategy of post-transplantation follow-up for this category of patients.

Results. The probability of rehospitalization within 30 days after hospital discharge was 30.7 % for all patients with allo-HSCT. The data assessment showed that the majority of rehospitalizations (55.7 %) were associated with infectious complications. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) during the first hospitalization, i.e. immediately after allo-HSCT during the hospital stay, proved to enhance the probability of rehospitalizations within 30 days after hospital discharge by 1.7 times compared with the patients without acute GVHD.

Conclusion. The leading cause of rehospitalizations of patients with allo-HSCT within 30 days after hospital discharge was acute GVHD which occurred before, i.e. during the first hospital stay. The data obtained demonstrate the necessity of close monitoring of a patient’s status within the first 120 days after discharge from the hospital where allo-HSCT was performed.

Keywords: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, rehospitalizations, graft-versus-host disease.

Received: July 16, 2019

Accepted: December 17, 2019

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Severe Hypofunction of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant in Patients with Oncohematological Diseases: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes

TA Rudakova, AD Kulagin, OU Klimova, IK Golubovskaya, EI Darskaya, TA Bykova, AG Smirnova, EV Morozova, SN Bondarenko, IS Moiseev, AV Beinarovich, DE Pevtsov, AL Alyanskii, EV Babenko, IM Barkhatov, BV Afanas’ev

RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Transplantation; IP Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

For correspondence: Tat’yana Aleksandrovna Rudakova, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; e-mail: t_a_rudakova@mail.ru

For citation: Rudakova TA, Kulagin AD, Klimova OU, et al. Severe Hypofunction of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant in Patients with Oncohematological Diseases: Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes. Clinical oncohematology. 2019;12(3):309–18 (In Russ).

doi: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-3-309-318


ABSTRACT

Aim. Based on strict criteria, to assess incidence, pretransplantation risk factors, and outcomes of severe hypofunction of graft, i.e. poor graft function (sPGF), following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in adults.

Materials & Methods. The trial included 710 adult patients (median age was 31 years, range 18–70 years; 55 % male and 45 % female patients) with different hematological diseases and documented transplant engraftment after allo-HSCT from matched sibling (20 %), unrelated (67 %) and haploidentical (13 %) donors in the period from 2008 to 2016. Myeloablative and reduced-intensity conditioning regimens were administered in 30 % and 70 % of patients, respectively. The analysis was based on the following sPGF criteria: 2 or more lines of cytopenia (thrombocytes < 20 × 109/L, absolute neutrophil count < 0.5 × 109/L, and hemoglobin < 70 g/L at any time after documented engraftment), complete or stable mixed donor chimerism > 90 %, and absence of relapse signs, rejection, and severe acute graft-versus-host reaction. The following factors were analyzed: age, sex, diagnosis, presence/absence of remission in acute leukemias, ferritin level, type of donor, HLA-match, blood group and sex match, transplant origin, number of transplanted CD34+ cells, and conditioning regimen. Multivariate analysis included parameters of univariate analysis with < 0.05.

Results. After allo-HSCT sPGF was identified in 103 patients with 2-year cumulative incidence of 15 % (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 12–18 %). In most cases sPGF developed during the 1st year after allo-HSCT (median 50 days). Bi- and trilineage cytopenia was found in 59 % and 41 % of cases, respectively. In multivariate analysis sPGF risk was associated with myelodysplastic syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders (hazard ratio [HR] 3.403; 95% CI 1.972–5.606; < 0.0001), and haploidentical donors (HR 3.830; 95% CI 1.545–8.828; = 0.001). The absence of remission at the time of allo-HSCT in acute leukemias and blood group incompatibility were of borderline significance. In 50 % of cases sPGF determined poor outcome, including death from cytopenia-related complications, further relapses, and graft rejection. Prognosis of bilineage sPGF was slightly more favorable than that of trilineage sPGF.

Conclusion. The present large cohort trial yielded the incidence and analyzed the structure of sPGF in adult patients with oncohematological diseases. In addition, the key pretransplantation sPGF risk factors were identified. The results of the trial can serve to optimize the choice of therapy after allo-HSCT.

Keywords: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, poor graft function.

Received: March 6, 2018

Accepted: June 20, 2019

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Clinical Value of miR-3151 Overexpression in Synergistic Interaction with BAALC Host Gene in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

AI Shakirova, IM Barkhatov, AI Churkina, NN Mamaev, LS Zubarovskaya, BV Afanas’ev

RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Transplantation; IP Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

For correspondence: Alena Igorevna Shakirova, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; Tel.: +7(812)338-62-72; e-mail: alyona.i.shakirova@gmail.com

For citation: Shakirova AI, Barkhatov IM, Churkina AI, et al. Clinical Value of miR-3151 Overexpression in Synergistic Interaction with BAALC Host Gene in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Clinical oncohematology. 2019;12(3):303–8 (In Russ).

doi: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-3-303-308


ABSTRACT

Background. Among a multitude of molecular genetic changes underlying acute myeloid leukemia (AML) disordered epigenetic regulation is of special importance. It includes expression change in miR-3151 gene forming a part of BAALC gene on chromosome 8 in q22.3 locus. At present BAALC gene overexpression is observed in a half of AML patients. A considerable part of them shows a combination of it with an increased transcriptional activity of miR-3151 gene, which is associated with the poorest AML prognosis.

Aim. To assess the prognostic value of miR-3151 overexpression in synergistic interaction with BAALC host gene in AML patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).

Materials & Methods. The trial included bone marrow samples taken from 10 healthy SCT donors and 29 AML patients after receiving allo-HSCT. Relative miR-3151 expression level and relative BAALC copy number were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.

Results. The analysis yielded a poor correlation between miR-3151 expression level and blast cell count in bone marrow (r = 0.330; = 0.005) as well as between the expression levels of miR-3151 and BAALC (r = 0.273; = 0.020). In addition, a great prognostic value of miR-315 overexpression in post-transplantation period was confirmed (= 0.005). Patients with miR-315 and BAALC co-expression in post-transplantation period have also the poorest prognosis than the control group with regard to both disease-free survival and relapse risks within 2 years after allo-HSCT.

Conclusion. Monitoring expression level of miR-3151 and its host gene BAALC in AML patients after receiving allo-HSCT seems to be important not only in AML prognosis but also in therapy efficacy evaluation.

Keywords: acute myeloid leukemia, miR-3151, BAALC, prognosis, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Received: October 22, 2018

Accepted: June 7, 2019

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Comparative Study of Mycophenolate Mofetil and Methotrexate in Graft-Versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis in Adult Recipients of Related and Unrelated Allo-HSCT

IS Moiseev, YuA Tarakanova, AL Alyanskii, EV Babenko, MM Kanunnikov, VA Dubkova, EV Morozova, EI Darskaya, OA Slesarchuk, AD Kulagin, SN Bondarenko, BV Afanas’ev

RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Transplantation; IP Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

For correspondence: Ivan Sergeevich Moiseev, MD, PHD, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; Tel.: +7(812)338-55-03; e-mail: moisiv@mail.ru

For citation: Moiseev IS, Tarakanova YuA, Alyanskii AL, et al. Comparative Study of Mycophenolate Mofetil and Methotrexate in Graft-Versus-Host Disease Prophylaxis in Adult Recipients of Related and Unrelated Allo-HSCT. Clinical oncohematology. 2019;12(1):43–50.

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-1-43-50


ABSTRACT

Background. Although the use of methotrexate (MTX) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) was compared in a large number of studies, the published results are contradictory. This fact provides ground for the present retrospective single-center trial comparing these two approaches in GVHD prophylaxis.

Materials & Methods. The present study included 294 allo-HSC recipients with MTX prophylaxis and 172 allo-HSC recipients with MMF prophylaxis. 36 % of patients underwent matched related donor transplantation, and 64 % of patients received matched unrelated donor transplantation.

Results. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that probability of acute grade 2–4 GVHD is 36 % vs. 39 % (hazard ratio [HR] 1.297; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.931–1.795;= 0.122), grade 3–4 GVHD was 21 % vs. 25 % (HR 1.472; 95% CI 0.951–2.256;= 0.05), and probability of chronic GVHD was 52 % vs. 55 % (HR 0.978; 95% CI 0.951–1.406;= 0.91). In the MTX and MMF groups there were no significant differences in transplantation mortality (HR 1.173; 95% CI 0.797–1.708;= 0.43), relapse incidence (HR 1.034; 95% CI 0.743–1.428;= 0.84), overall survival (HR 1.087; 95% CI 0.825–1.433;= 0.55), event-free survival (HR 1.108; 95% CI 0.854–1.437;= 0.43), disease and GVHD free survival (HR 1.065; 95% CI 0.845–1.343;= 0.59). Engraftment occurred earlier when MMF was used (= 0.035). Administration of MMF instead of MTX was associated with lower probability of toxic grade 3–4 hepatitis (7 % vs. 31 %; p < 0.0001) and grade 3–4 mucositis (23 % vs. 45 %;= 0.0002).

Conclusion. The efficacy of GVHD prophylaxis using MMF is comparable with that of MTX, but MMF is associated with a better safety profile due to reduced incidence of severe liver toxicity and mucositis.

Keywords: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, graft-versus-host disease, prophylaxis, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil.

Received: May 23, 2018

Accepted: December 4, 2018

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Classification of Conditioning Regimens for Bone Marrow Transplantation: Historical Background and Current Perspectives

KN Melkova, GD Petrova, NV Gorbunova, TZ Chernyavskaya, OP Trofimova

NN Blokhin National Medical Cancer Research Center, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478

For correspondence: Kapitolina Nikolaevna Melkova, PhD, 24 Kashirskoye sh., Moscow, Russian Federation, 115478; e-mail: frolov63@bk.ru

For citation: Melkova KN, Petrova GD, Gorbunova NV, et al. Classification of Conditioning Regimens for Bone Marrow Transplantation: Historical Background and Current Perspectives. Clinical oncohematology. 2017;10(4):494–500 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2017-10-4-494-500


ABSTRACT

Hematopoietic stem cells transplantation is a current standard treatment for many oncohematological diseases. The milestone of any type of transplantation is the choice of conditioning regimen. This article presents the principles of classification of conditioning regimens in terms of myeloablativity and discusses the concepts of “autologous transplantation”, “high-dose chemotherapy supported by hematopoietic stem cells”, “allogeneic transplantation” and “immunotherapy”. Up-to-date uniform classification of conditioning regimens may serve an important prognostic component in assessing both the risks and efficacy of hematopoietic stem cells transplantation.

Keywords: conditioning regimens, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, total therapeutic exposure, acute leukemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, multiple myeloma.

Received: March 29, 2017

Accepted: July 8, 2017

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The Role of Hypomethylating Agents Prior to Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cells Transplantation in Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

VN Ovechkina1, SN Bondarenko1, EV Morozova1, IS Moiseev1, AA Osipova1, TL Gindina1, AI Shakirova1, TA Bykova1, AD Kulagin1, IA Samorodova2, EV Karyakina3, EA Ukrainchenko4, LS Zubarovskaya1, BV Afanas’ev1

1 RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology and Transplantation; Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

2 Municipal Clinical Hospital No. 31, 3 Dinamo pr-t, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197110

3 Municipal Hospital No. 15, 4 Avangardnaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 198205

4 Aleksandrov Hospital, 4 Solidarnosti pr-t, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 193312

For correspondence: Varvara Nikolaevna Ovechkina, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; Tel.: +7(812)338-62-72; e-mail ovetchkina@gmail.com

For citation: Ovechkina VN, Bondarenko SN, Morozova EV, et al. The Role of Hypomethylating Agents Prior to Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cells Transplantation in Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome. Clinical oncohematology. 2017;10(3):351–7 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2017-10-3-351-357


ABSTRACT

Background & Aims. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of azacytidine and decitabine prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.

Materials & Methods. The research included 62 patients who received hypomethylating agents (HMA) prior to allo-HSCT. The median age was 28 years (range from 1 to 68 years), the study population consisted of 27 (43.5 %) women and 35 (56.5 %) men.

Results. The overall response (complete + partial remission) was observed in 42 % (n = 26) of cases. At the time of allo-HSCT no disease progression was observed in 41 (66 %) patients. The multivariant analysis showed the overall survival (OS) statistically significantly increased with the graft retention (hazard ratio [HR] 0.002; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.001–0.74; p = 0.03), and also with the administration of HMA after allo-HSCT (HR 0.24; 95% CI 0.08–0.67; p = 0.007). The response (stabilisation, partial or complete remission) due to HMA administration prior to allo-HSCT (HR 6.4; 95% CI 0.75–54.0; p = 0.08) was associated with improved OS. The event-free survival (EFS) was significantly higher with the response to azacytidine and decitabine at the time of allo-HSCT (HR 38.9; 95% CI 1.3–1198.0; p = 0.03) and with the graft retention (HR 0.02; 95% CI 0.005–0.1; p = 0.001). In patients with MDS compared with AML (HR 2.3; 95% CI 0.9–22.0; p = 0.08), there was a tendency to EFS improvement. Progression-free survival rates were higher in patients with a number of blast cells in the bone marrow less than 31 % at the time of diagnosis (HR 1.1; 95% CI 1.1–9.9; p = 0.01).

Conclusion. The use of azacytidine and decitabine prior to allo-HSCT allows to safely control the tumor mass in patients with MDS and to maintain the achieved remission with AML. In patients with a response to HMA, the best OS and EFS values are seen after allo-HSCT.

Keywords: acute myeloid leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, hypomethylating agents, azacitidine, decitabine.

Received: December 19, 2016

Accepted: March 9, 2017

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Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome: Azacitidine for Prophylactic and Preventive Purposes after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

VN Ovechkina1, SN Bondarenko1, EV Morozova1, IS Moiseev1, OA Slesarchuk1, AG Smirnova1, OS Uspenskaya2, YaV Gudozhnikova1, AA Osipova1, VS Sergeev1, NN Mamaev1, LS Zubarovskaya1, BV Afanas’ev1

1 RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology and Transplantation; Academician IP Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University, 12 Rentgena str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

2 Leningrad District Clinical Hospital, 45–49 Lunacharskogo pr-t, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194291

For correspondence: Varvara Nikolaevna Ovechkina, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; Tel. +7(812)338-62-72; e-mail: ovetchkina@gmail.com

For citation: Ovechkina VN, Bondarenko SN, Morozova EV, et al. Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome: Azacitidine for Prophylactic and Preventive Purposes after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Clinical oncohematology. 2017;10(1):45-51 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2017-10-1-45-51


ABSTRACT

Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of preventive and prophylactic post-transplantation therapy using azacitidine (5-AZA) in patients at high risk of post-transplantation relapse.

Methods. 136 patients were included in the study performed by the pairwise comparison: 68 of them received 5-AZA after allo-HSCT and 68 patients were included in the historical control group. 5-AZA was prescribed for prophylactic or preventive purposes. The results were assessed according to the OS, RR, EFS, DUM, and relapse-free and GVHR-free survival.

Results. 1-year OS was 76 % in the 5-AZA group (95% CI 60–84 %) and 44 % in the reference group (95% CI 33–55 %) (= 0.001); 2-year OS was 63 % (95% CI 39–67 %) and 37 % (95% CI 26–48 %) (= 0.007), respectively. The relapse rate (RR) in the 5-AZA group was 34 % (95% CI 22–46 %) during 1 year and 51 % (95% CI 38–64 %) in the reference group (= 0.02). 1- and 2-year disease unrelated mortality (DUM) was similar: 5 % in the 5-AZA group (95% CI 0.1–14.0 %) and 25 % (95% CI 13–37 %) in the reference group (= 0.005). 1-year EFS was 76 % in the 5-AZA group (95% CI 61–85 %) and 44 % in the reference group (95% CI 33–55 %) (= 0.001); 2-year EFS was 63 % (95% CI 39–67 %) and 37 % (95% CI 26–48 %) (= 0.01), respectively. 1-year relapse-free and GVHR-free survival was 55 % in the 5-AZA group (95% CI 41–69 %) and 28 % in the reference group (95% CI 17–39 %) (= 0.001); 2-year relapse-free and GVHR-free survival was 47 % (95% CI 32–62 %) and 27 % (95% CI 17–37 %) (= 0.002), respectively.

Conclusion. The use of 5-AZA for prophylactic and preventive purposes after allo-HSCT does not increase the risk of GVHR and DUM, does not suppress the GVL effect and can be used in combination with the donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). The therapy with 5-AZA is safe during the early period after allo-HSCT. The drug does not suppress the GVL effect and can be used in high risk patients to prevent early post-transplantation relapse. The use of 5-AZA in combination with DLI does not increase the incidence of severe GVHR.

Keywords: acute myeloblastic leukemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, hypomethylating therapy, azacitidine.

Received: July 18, 2016

Accepted: December 17, 2016

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Outcome of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Acute Myeloid Leukemias with Hyperdiploid Karyotype

TL Gindina, NN Mamaev, ES Nikolaeva, SN Bondarenko, OA Slesarchuk, AS Borovkova, SV Razumova, OV Pirogova, AL Alyanskii, LS Zubarovskaya, BV Afanas’ev

RM Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology and Transplantation; Academician IP Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

For correspondence: Tat’yana Leonidovna Gindina, PhD, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; Tel: + 7(812)233-12-43; e-mail: cytogenetics.bmt.lab@gmail.com

For citation: Gindina TL, Mamaev NN, Nikolaeva ES, et al. Outcome of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Acute Myeloid Leukemias with Hyperdiploid Karyotype. Clinical oncohematology. 2016;9(4):383–90 (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2016-9-4-383-390


ABSTRACT

Aim. To evaluate the prognostic impact of the different cytogenetic characteristics, including the modal number, the number of chromosomal aberrations in a complex karyotype, and adverse chromosomal abnormalities (ACA) (–7/7q–, –5/5q–, –17/17p–, t(6;9)(p22;q34)) on the results of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with hyperdiploid acute myeloid leukemia (H-AML).

Methods. Forty seven H-AML patients (21 women and 26 men, aged from 1 to 58 years, median — 23.9 years) were examined. The analysis of overall (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) predictors after allo-HSCT in patients with different clinical, transplant and cytogenetic characteristics was performed.

Results. The modal number of chromosomes (MN) of 47–48 was the most common one in the karyotype which was observed in 31 (66 %) patients. High hyperdiploidy with the modal number of 49–65 was identified in 13 (28 %) patients, near-triploid and near-tetraploid karyotypes were found in 3 (6 %) patients. Quantitative chromosomal abnormalities were nonrandom. Chromosome 8 (50 %), 21 (32 %), 13 (16 %) и 22 (16 %) trisomy was the most common one. Structural chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 22 (47 %) patients, at that, ACA were found in 7 (19 %) patients. In univariate analysis, the OS and EFS after allo-HSCT differed in patients with different clinical status (remission vs. active disease; = 0.003 and = 0.002, respectively), different chromosomal abnormalities in hyperdiploid karyotype (ACA– vs. ACA+; = 0.001 and = 0.03, respectively). An additional analysis of selected patients group with a structurally complex karyotype (n = 19) showed, that patients without ACA had a higher OS than patients with ACA (= 0.03). In multivariate analysis, the disease status (relapse) at allo-HSCT was an independent predictor of decreased OS and EFS (= 0.004 и = 0.006, respectively), as well as the presence of the ACA (= 0.002 only for OS).

Conclusion. ACA were high-risk factors in H-AML patients received allo-HSCT. Therefore, the patients with formal criteria of a complex karyotype should not be automatically included in the cytogenetic unfavorable risk group.


Keywords: hyperdiploid and complex karyotypes, acute myeloid leukemia, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, prognosis.

Received: April 17, 2016

Accepted: May 5, 2016

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REFERENCES

  1. Chilton L, Hills RK, Harrison CJ, et al. Hyperdiploidy with 49-65 chromosomes represents a heterogeneous cytogenetic subgroup of acute myeloid leukemia with differential outcome. Leukemia. 2013;28(2):321–8. doi: 1038/leu.2013.198.
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  6. Гиндина Т.Л., Мамаев Н.Н., Бархатов И.М. и др. Сложные повреждения хромосом у больных с рецидивами острых лейкозов после аллогенной трансплантации гемопоэтических стволовых клеток. Терапевтический архив. 2012;8:61–6. [Gindina TL, Mamaev NN, Barkhatov IM, et al. Complex chromosome damages in patients with recurrent acute leukemias after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantations. Terapevticheskii arkhiv. 2012;8:61–6. (In Russ)]
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  8. Guo RJ, Atenafu EG, Craddock K, et al. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation may alleviate the negative prognostic impact of monosomal and complex karyotypes on patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2014;20(5):690–5. doi: 1016/j.bbmt.2014.01.027.

Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Acute Myeloid Leukemias: Prognostic Significance of Complex Karyotype Including del(5q), –7, del(7q) Abnormalities

TL Gindina, NN Mamaev, SN Bondarenko, ES Nikolaeva, IA Petrova, OA Slesarchuk, AS Borovkova, SV Razumova, AL Alyanskii, LS Zubarovskaya, BV Afanas’ev

R.M. Gorbacheva Scientific Research Institute of Pediatric Hematology and Transplantation; Academician I.P. Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022

For correspondence: Tat’yana Leonidovna Gindina, PhD, 6/8 L’va Tolstogo str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197022; Tel.: +7(812)233-12-43; e-mail: cytogenetics.bmt.lab@gmail.com

For citation: Gindina TL, Mamaev NN, Bondarenko SN, et al. Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Acute Myeloid Leukemias: Prognostic Significance of Complex Karyotype Including del(5q), –7, del(7q) Abnormalities. Clinical oncohematology. 2016;9(3):271-78(In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2016-9-3-271-278


ABSTRACT

Aim. To evaluate the prognostic significance of the complex karyotype including del(5q), –7, del(7q) abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).

Materials & Methods. Forty-four AML patients with chromosome 5 and/or 7 abnormalities (22 women and 22 men, aged from 1.2 to 67 years, median 31.2 years) were examined. Analysis of overall (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) predictors after allo-HSCT in patients with different clinical, transplant and cytogenetic characteristics was performed.

Results. Prior to allo-HSCT, the complex karyotype (with three or more chromosomal abnormalities) was observed in 19 (43 %) patients, the monosomal karyotype was in 8 (18 %) patients. Univariate analysis demonstrated that OS and EFS differed in patients from different age groups (³ 18 vs. < 18 years; = 0.01 and = 0.05, respectively), with different disease status at transplantation (1 remission vs. other clinical status; = 0.1 and = 0.008, respectively), with and without complex karyotype (СK– vs. CK+; = 0.05 and = 0.002, respectively), with and without monosomal karyotype (МK– vs. MK+; = 0.009, only for EFS), and with different stem cells source (bone marrow vs. other source; = 0.03 only for OS). Multivariate analysis confirmed that age of 18 years and more (= 0.02 and = 0.01, respectively), active disease at allo-HSCT (= 0.04 and = 0.005, respectively), complex karyotype (= 0.04 и = 0.0008, respectively) and stem cell source other than bone marrow (= 0.02 only for OS) were independent predictors of OS and EFS deterioration.

Conclusion. The study demonstrates that chromosome 5 and/or 7 abnormalities as a part of the complex karyotype is high-risk factor in AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT (unlike the monosomal karyotype), that requires the special therapeutic approach.


Keywords: acute myeloid leukemias, complex karyotype, chromosome 5 and 7 abnormalities, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, prognosis.

Received: March 5, 2016

Accepted: April 5, 2016

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REFERENCES

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  11. Гиндина Т.Л., Мамаев Н.Н., Бархатов И.М. и др. Сложные повреждения хромосом у больных с рецидивами острых лейкозов после аллогенной трансплантации гемопоэтических стволовых клеток. Терапевтический архив. 2012;84(8):61–6. [Gindina TL, Mamaev NN, Barhatov IM, et al. Complex chromosome damages in patients with recurrent acute leukemias after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantations. Terapevticheskii arkhiv. 2012;84(8):61–6. (In Russ)]
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Successful allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in patients with severe gram-negative sepsis and septic shock

G.M. Galstyan, P.M. Makarova, L.A. Kuzmina, Ye.N. Parovichnikova, G.A. Klyasova, O.S. Pokrovskaya, M.Yu. Drokov, V.A. Novikov, V.V. Troitskaya, I.E. Kostina, and V.G. Savchenko

Hematology Research Center, Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russian Federation


ABSTRACT

We present two cases of successful allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in the patients with severe gram-negative sepsis and septic shock. The features of the post-transplantation period and management of patients are described.


Keywords: allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, conditioning, sepsis, septic shock, post-transplantation period, neutropenic enterocolitis, prolonged neutropenia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, acute respiratory failure, invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, invasive lung ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, mesenchymal stromal cells.

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