Outcome of Classical Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Treatment Based on High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: The Experience in the NI Pirogov Russian National Medical Center of Surgery

NE Mochkin, VO Sarzhevskii, YuN Dubinina, EG Smirnova, DA Fedorenko, AE Bannikova, DS Kolesnikova, VS Bogatyrev, NM Faddeev, VYa Mel’nichenko

NI Pirogov Russian National Medical Center of Surgery, 70 Nizhnyaya Pervomaiskaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105203

For correspondence: Nikita Evgen’evich Mochkin, MD, PhD, 70 Nizhnyaya Pervomaiskaya str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105203; Tel.: 8(495)603-72-17; e-mail: nickmed@yandex.ru

For citation: Mochkin NE, Sarzhevskii VO, Dubinina YuN, et. al. Outcome of Classical Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Treatment Based on High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: The Experience in the NI Pirogov Russian National Medical Center of Surgery. Clinical oncohematology. 2018;11(3):234–40.

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2018-11-3-234-240


ABSTRACT

Aim. To estimate the long-term outcome of the programmed treatment of classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma (cHL) including high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) as well as the effect of various factors on the achieved results in a single-center study.

Materials & Methods. In the A.A. Maksimov Clinical Center of Hematology and Cellular Therapy of the NI Pirogov Russian National Medical Center of Surgery 260 cHL patients received HDCT combined with auto-HSCT within the period from December 2006 to March 2017. The median age was 29 years (range 17–62). The study included 40 % men (n = 104), and 60 % women (n = 156). The median pretransplantation chemotherapy line was 3 (range 2–9). At this stage, prior to auto-HSCT, complete remission (CR) rate was 26.5 %, partial remission (PR) rate was 52.3 %, disease stabilisation rate was 13.5 %. HDCT with auto-HSCT was applied beyond progression as a salvage therapy in 7.7 % of patients. In 79.6 % of patients the standard BEAM and CBV conditioning regimens were used.

Results. After HDCT combined with auto-HSCT overall 5-year survival (OS) of 260 cHL patients was 74 %, and 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 48 %, which corresponds to the results of some international studies. 5-year OS rates were significantly higher after HDCT and auto-HSCT performed during the first CR or PR (85 %) vs the second and subsequent CR and PR (71 %). Neither gender (= 0.4) nor ECOG status (= 0.2) effects on OS and PFS were revealed. 5-year OS rates were significantly higher after HDCT and auto-HSCT performed during CR or PR (82 %) vs disease stabilisation and progression (54 %) as well as upon achieving CR (93 %) vs PR (77 %).

Conclusion. In cHL tumor sensitivity to chemotherapy is the essential indication for HDCT combined with auto-HSCT. The optimal time for HDCT and auto-HSCT in cHL is the first CR/PR, and the best treatment outcome is achieved in patients with complete response prior to HDCT and auto-HSCT.

Keywords: classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma, high-dose chemotherapy, autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Received: February 9, 2018

Accepted: May 3, 2018

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