Clinical and Hematological Predictors of Response to First-Line Therapy in Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

SV Samarina1, EL Nazarova1, NV Minaeva1, EN Zotina1, IV Paramonov1, SV Gritsaev2

1 Kirov Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology, 72 Krasnoarmeiskaya str., Kirov, Russian Federation, 610027

2 Russian Research Institute of Hematology and Transfusiology, 16 2-ya Sovetskaya str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191024

For correspondence: Svetlana Valer’evna Samarina, 72 Krasnoarmeiskaya str., Kirov, Russian Federation, 610027; e-mail:

For citation: Samarina SV, Nazarova EL, Minaeva NV, et al. Clinical and Hematological Predictors of Response to First-Line Therapy in Patients with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma. Clinical oncohematology. 2019;12(1):68–72.

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2019-12-1-68-72


Aim. To assess the prognostic value of clinical and hematological parameters used by hematologists for risk stratification in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to justify the need for discovering new prognostic factors.

Methods. The trial included 101 patients (48 men and 53 women) with newly diagnosed DLBCL at the age of 18–80 years (median age 58 years). The patients received R-CHOP as first-line therapy. Depending on their response all patients were stratified into 4 groups: with complete response (CR; n = 58), partial response (PR; n = 15), resistance to first-line therapy (n = 19), and early relapses (ER; n = 9). Median follow-up was 22 months (range 2–120 months).

Results. In terms of age influence on the efficacy of R-СНОР as first-line therapy no significant differences were established in regard to response in patients younger and older than 65 years. Statistically significant differences were observed while analyzing two parameters of International Prognostic Index (IPI; disease stage and extranodal lesions) and B-symptoms in the CR and therapy-resistant groups. With respect to the same parameters no significant differences were found in the CR and ER groups. Median 2-year disease-free survival was not achieved in patients with CR. In patients with PR it was 12 months. Median 2-year overall survival in patients with CR, PR, and ER was not achieved, and in patients with therapy-resistant DLBCL it was 10 months.

Conclusion. Results of the trial confirm prognostic value of factors applied for risk stratification in DLBCL. However, variability of clinical course of the disease, especially with a low IPI score, suggests the need for new prognostic parameters associated with the course of DLBCL.

Keywords: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, prognosis, induction therapy, survival.

Received: June 5, 2018

Accepted: December 3, 2018

Read in PDF 


  1. Teras LR, DeSantis CE, Cerhan JR, et al. 2016 US lymphoid malignancy statistics by World Health Organization subtypes. CA: Cancer J Clin. 2016;66(6):443–59. doi: 10.3322/caac.21357.

  2. Tilly H, Vitolo U, Walewski J, et al. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL): ESMO clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2012;23(Suppl 7):vii78–82. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mds273.

  3. Friedberg JW. Relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Hematology. 2011;2011(1):498–505. doi: 10.1182/asheducation-2011.1.498.

  4. Coiffier B, Sarkozy C. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: R-CHOP failure-what to do? Hematology. 2016;2016(1):366–78. doi: 10.1182/asheducation-2016.1.366.

  5. Sant M, Minicozzi P, Mounier M, et al. Survival for haematological malignancies in Europe between 1997 and 2008 by region and age: results of EUROCARE-5, a population-based study. Lancet Oncol. 2014;15(9):931–42. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70282-7.

  6. Menard G, Dulong J, Nguyen TT, et al. Lenalidomide treatment restores in vivo T сell activity in relapsed/refractory FL and DLBCL. Blood. 2017;130(Suppl 1):729.

  7. Westin JR, Oki Y, Nastoupil L, et al. Lenalidomide and obinutuzumab with CHOP for newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: final phase I/II results. Blood. 2017;130(Suppl 1):189.

  8. Петухов А.В., Маркова В.А., Моторин Д.В. и др. Получение CAR T-лимфоцитов, специфичных к CD19, и оценка их функциональной активности in vitro. Клиническая онкогематология. 2018;11(1):1–9. doi: 10.21320/2500-2139-2018-11-1-1-9.

    [Petukhov AV, Markova VA, Motorin DV, et al. Manufacturing of CD19 Specific CAR T-Cells and Evaluation of their Functional Activity in Vitro. Clinical oncohematology. 2018;11(1):1–9. doi: 10.21320/2500-2139-2018-11-1-1-9. (In Russ)]

  9. Sehn LH, Berry B, Chhanabhai M, et al. The revised International Prognostic Index (R-IPI) is a better predictor of outcome than the standard IPI for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated with R-CHOP. Blood. 2007;109(5):1857–61. doi: 10.1182/blood-2006-08-038257.

  10. International Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Prognostic Factors Project. A predictive model for aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. N Engl J Med. 1993;329(14):987–94. doi: 10.1056/nejm199309303291402.

  11. Cheson BD, Horning SJ, Coiffier B, et al. Report of an international workshop to standardize response criteria for non Hodgkin’s lymphomas. NCI Sponsored International Working Group. J Clin Oncol. 1999;17(4):1244. doi: 10.1200/jco.1999.17.4.1244.

  12. Cheson BD, Pfistner B, Juweid ME, et al. Revised response criteria for malignant lymphoma. J Clin Oncol. 2007;25(5):579–86. doi: 10.1200/jco.2006.09.2403.

  13. Kurtz D, Scherer F, Jin M, et al. Development of a dynamic model for personalized risk assessment in large B-cell lymphoma. Blood. 2017;130(Suppl 1):826.

  14. Hamadani M, Hari PN, Zhang Y, et al. Early failure of frontline rituximab-containing chemoimmunotherapy in diffuse large B cell lymphoma does not predict futility of autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2014;20(11):1729–36.

  15. Crump M, Kuruvilla J, Couban S, et al. Randomized comparison of gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin versus dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin chemotherapy before autologous stem-cell transplantation for relapsed and refractory aggressive lymphomas: NCIC-CTG LY.12. J Clin Oncol. 2014;32(31):3490–6. doi: 10.1200/jco.2013.53.9593.

  16. Van Den Neste E, Schmitz N, Mounier N, et al. Outcome of patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who fail second-line salvage regimens in the International CORAL study. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2016;51(1):51–7. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2015.213.

  17. Crump M, Neelapu SS, Farooq U, et al. Outcomes in refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: results from the international SCHOLAR-1 study. Blood. 2017;130(16):1800–8. doi: 10.1182/blood-2017-03-769620.

  18. Fang X, Xiu B, Yang Z, et al. The expression and clinical relevance of PD-1, PD-L1, and TP63 in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96(15):e6398. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000006398.

  19. Ключагина Ю.И., Соколова З.А., Барышникова М.А. Роль рецептора PD1 и его лигандов PDL1 и PDL2 в иммунотерапии опухолей. Онкопедиатрия. 2017;4(1):49–55. doi: 10.15690/onco.v4i1.1684.

    [Klyuchagina YuI, Sokolova ZA, Baryshnikova MA. Role of PD-1 Receptor and Its Ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2 in Cancer Immunotherapy. Onkopediatria. 2017;4(1):49–55. doi: 10.15690/onco.v4i1.1684. (In Russ)]

  20. Hayano A, Komohara Y, Takashima Y, et al. Programmed cell death ligand 1 expression in primary central nervous system lymphomas: a clinicopathological study. Anticancer Res. 2017;37(10):5655–66. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.12001.

  21. Alizadeh AA, Eisen MB, Davis RE, et al. Distinct types of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma identified by gene expression profiling. Nature. 2000;403(6769):503–11. doi: 10.1038/35000501.

  22. Alizadeh AA, Gentles AJ, Alencar AJ, et al. Prediction of survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma based on the expression of 2 genes reflecting tumor and microenvironment. Blood. 2011;118(5):1350–8. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-03-345272.

  23. Amin AD, Peters TL, Li L, et al. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: can genomics improve treatment options for a curable cancer? Mol Case Stud. 2017;3(3):a001719. doi: 10.1101/mcs.a001719.