CAR T-Cell Therapy with NKG2D Chimeric Antigen Receptor in Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

KA Levchuk1, EV Belotserkovskaya1,2, DYu Pozdnyakov1, LL Girshova1, AYu Zaritskey1, AV Petukhov1,2,3

1 VA Almazov National Medical Research Center, 2 Akkuratova str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197341

2 Institute of Cytology, 4 Tikhoretskii pr-t, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 194064

3 Sirius University of Science and Technology, 1 Olimpiiskii pr-t, Sochi, Russian Federation, 354340

For correspondence: Kseniya Aleksandrovna Levchuk, 2 Akkuratova str., Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 197341; e-mail:

For citation: Levchuk KA, Belotserkovskaya EV, Pozdnyakov DYu, et al. CAR T-Cell Therapy with NKG2D Chimeric Antigen Receptor in Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome. Clinical oncohematology. 2021;14(1):138–48. (In Russ).

DOI: 10.21320/2500-2139-2021-14-1-138-148


NK-cells as innate immunity elements manifest key reactions of antitumor immune response. NKG2D is an activating transmembrane receptor of NK-cells which is responsible for cytotoxicity initiation in response to the binding of specific ligands of genetically modified cells. Selective expression of NKG2D ligands provides a unique perspective on the therapy of wide variety of tumors. Acute myeloid leukemias (AML) are malignant hematological tumors with a high relapse risk. Due to the complexity of AML treatment strategy it is necessary to develop new approaches to tumor elimination using novel genetic constructs. Currently available CAR T-cell drugs with NKG2D receptor are successfully subjected to clinical studies in AML patients and prove their high therapeutic potential.

Keywords: acute myeloid leukemias, chimeric antigen receptor, adoptive therapy, NKG2D, NK-cells.

Received: August 22, 2020

Accepted: December 5, 2020

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